'''Illinois''' ( ) is a U.S. state|state
in the Midwestern United States|Midwestern region
of the United States
, achieving statehood in 1818. It is the List of U.S. states and territories by population|6th-most populous state
and List of U.S. states and territories by area|25th-largest state in terms of land area
, and is noted as a Macrocosm and microcosm|microcosm
of the entire country.
The word "Illinois" comes from a Illinois confederation#Name|French rendering
of a native Algonquin word. With Chicago
in the northeast, small industrial cities and great agricultural productivity
in central and northern Illinois, and natural resource
s like coal, timber, and petroleum in the south, Illinois has a diverse economic base and is a major transportation hub
. The Port of Chicago
connects the state to other global ports from the Great Lakes
, via the Saint Lawrence...